Dry cleaning uses non-water-based solvents to remove soil and stains from clothes. It involves cleaning of clothing and textiles using an organic solvent rather than water. The solvent used is typically Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene), in the industry and “dry-cleaning fluid” by the public. Dry cleaning is necessary for cleaning items that would otherwise be damaged by water and soap or detergents. It is often used instead of hand washing delicate fabrics, which can be excessively laborious.

Scale of Investment & Capital Investment Requirements

From this scale of investment, it is estimated at least 100 garmentswill be cleansed in a day. The Fixed & Working Capital Investment Costs for the first year of operation is estimated at NGN 894,500 and the TR is estimated at NGN 6,240,000 for the first year of project operation The payback for this idea 40% and the pay is at most 3 years and 6 months.

Production Capacity

It is estimated that 100 garments will be cleaned per day.

Raw Materials

The Raw materials required is Solvents, i.e.: Tetrachloroethylene



A dry-cleaning machine is similar to a combination of a domestic washing machine, and clothes dryer. Garments are placed into a washing/extraction chamber (referred to as the basket, or drum), which is the core of the machine. The washing chamber contains a horizontal, perforated drum that rotates within an outer shell. The shell holds the solvent while the rotating drum holds the garment load. The basket capacity is between about 10 and 40 kg (20 to 80lb). A typical wash cycle lasts for 8–15 minutes depending on the type of garments and degree of soiling


The Essential tools and equipments required are;Dry cleaning machine, Flat Iron, Garment bags, Ironing board, Clothes’ hangers and; Chairs


Capital Investment Requirements (CBN exchange rate -$1 to 415.05 NGN) as of  22nd April 2022.

Capital investment item Units Qty Cost in


Cost in USD
Washing Machine No. 1 60,000 144.561
Flat Iron No. 1 10,000 24.093  
Garment Nylons No. 20 3000 7.228  
Ironing Board No. 1 13,000 31.322  
Cloth Hangers No. 50 3,500 8.433  
Chairs No. 2 7,000 16.865  
Generator No. 1 90,000 216.841  
Total cost of machinery     186,500 449.343  


Production and operating costs

Cost Item  Units @





Pdn cost/ month  in NGN Pdn cost/  year


Pdn cost/  year


Detergents liters 1,500 5 39,000 468,000 1,127.575
Sub-total  39,000 468,000 55,989.401


General costs (overheads) 

   Cost Per Month


Cost Per Year


Cost Per Year


Utilities(water and power)  3,000 36,000 86.736
Labour 10,000 120,000 289.122
Rent 2,000 24,000 57.824
Fuel 5,000 60,000 144.561
Sub –total 20,000 240,000  578.244
Total Operating Costs 59,000 708,000 1,705.819



  1. Production is assumed for 312 days per year.
  2. Depreciation assumes 4 year life of assets written off at 25% per year for all assets.
  3. A production Month is assumed to have 26 days.


Project product costs and Price structure  

Item  Qty /day Qty/yr @ Pdn cost /yr



Pdn cost /yr






Laundry 100 31,200 200 708,000 1,705.819 6,240,000 15,034.333



Profitability Analysis

Profitability Item  Per day Per month Per Year


Per Year


Revenue 20,000 520,000 6,240,000 15,034.333
Less production and  operating Costs 2,270 59,000 708,000 1,705.819
Profit 17,730 461,000 5,532,000 13,328.515



Market Analysis

The demand for dry cleaning services is very high in the City and busy Urban & Trading Centres.

Source of Supply of Raw materials:

Tetrachloroethylene will be sourced locally in Super markets and Chemical Shops.



The business involved with this idea is risks of breakdown in machinery. This is can be solved by repairing equipment or


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