Market segmentation helps you to focus your marketing effort on particular audience to ensure the success of your business.  we explained  the benefits and the different types  market segmentation   in the last piece.

When you have been able to identity your market  you need to make market research to serve your audience properly. Market research is defined as the process of gathering data on goods and services to determine whether the product or service will satisfy customers’ needs.

Market research can reveal market trends, demographics, economic movements, customer purchasing patterns, and competitive intelligence. This data can help you identify your target markets and gain a competitive advantage in the marketplace. For market research to be effective, the data must be current and relevant to your company.

Market research helps you to:

  • Communicate effectively
  • Identify and understand opportunities
  • Pinpoint potential obstacles or problems
  • Benchmark and evaluate your success.

Market Research Methods

The two main ways to gather information and collect actionable data about your products are the primary and secondary research methods.

Primary Research

The act of acquiring firsthand information about your target market is known as primary research. This information can be obtained from a variety of sources, including focus groups, surveys, and questionnaires.

Small businesses can use primary research to learn more about what people think about their brand. It also reveals a customer’s genuine experience with a product or service.

Secondary research

Secondary research is mostly made up of material acquired from other sources, however it is not limited to this. It contains all available data and records, including trend reports, market statistics, and industry-related content.

Public and commercial research institutions, such as the Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor & Statistics, trade and professional journals, and even libraries, can provide you with this external data.

How to do market research

1. Establish Your Goals

The first stage in conducting good marketing research is to establish a set of goals. To do the research more efficiently, you must have the necessary information. Determine the questions about your company you wish to respond to. You might be interested in launching a product or service and seeing if there is a market and demand for it. You can learn about your consumers’ buying patterns and issues if your small business is already up and operating. Before offering a product or service to the market, new firms must ensure that it is viable.

2. Define your buyer personas and target market

Who are my customers?’ is the first question you should ask yourself. You can’t even begin to comprehend their actions if you can’t answer this question. Buyer personas are useful in this situation. Creating a fictitious portrayal of your ideal clients is the first step in defining your own.  

Answer questions like, “How old are they?” and “Where are they?” ‘What are their occupations and pastimes?’ You get the idea: the more explicit the request, the better the outcome. It’s also fine to have many buyer personas; just make sure to define each one separately. You’ll be able to identify your target audience by using buyer personas. The genuine market you’re targeting is your target audience.

3. Identify the Right People To Engage for Market Research: Selecting a sample for your market research should be aided by identifying your ideal buyer profile. This group serves as a proxy for your target audience. Begin by identifying people who share the characteristics of your customer persona.

Include a mix of participants and social media followers when choosing people to participate in your study. You can also poll coworkers, friends, and LinkedIn connections to see who qualifies for your study.

4. Determine the best methods to meet their needs: This is a rather basic procedure. Turn inward to yourself or your company’s marketing geniuses to find the best techniques to meet their demands now that you have a better grasp of your audience and have asked for their feedback on your products. 

The technique of tailoring your marketing efforts to meet the needs of your target audience is a strong way to attract customers to your business, and it’s at the heart of an important marketing strategy known as inbound marketing. Your product branding is a vital factor to consider, as the appearance and personality of your brand will almost probably determine your success.

Promotional measures like as social media marketing and email campaigns, on the other hand, have a significant impact on your sales rate. Although there are several advertisement places available both online and offline, you’ll find which ones work best for your business based on your audience and trial and error.

5. Collect Relevant Data: Consider employing both primary and secondary research when performing market research. While primary research will provide you with a wealth of knowledge, secondary research will allow you to see what’s lacking and fill in the gaps. This provides you with the most useful information for your market study. Valid, unbiased, and factual data should be collected. Make sure your judgments are based on factual information from reliable sources.

6. Draw conclusions from your findings: So you’ve gathered a wealth of information on your target market, their purchasing and decision-making processes, how you intend to reach them, and who your top competitors in your field are. The last thing you have to do is compile all of your results into a formal report.

This marketing report is usually included in a company’s business strategy. However, this is only true if you’re just starting off. You can build an individual marketing research report if you’ve been in business for a while or if you’re using this data for a single trial. For the four preceding components, you should lay down your background information, the aim of the report, and a summary of your findings in both circumstances.